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Medical Management

Alternative medicines and exercise programs that target the calf muscle pump can improve the symptoms associated with venous disease.

Elastic compression stockings or compression therapy narrow the veins, decrease venous volume, and reduce venous reflux by shifting blood volume from the compressed extremity to more central regions of the body. Elastic compression also improves the venous pumping ability.  Compression therapy is effective in relieving swelling and pain, and it can be used alone or in combination with other therapies but compliance is usually poor.

For mild forms of venous disease, lifestyle changes may be recommended to control existing symptoms and prevent others from showing.  The following measures may help prevent varicose veins and reduce symptoms:

  • Manage blood pressure and body weight (i.e: lose weight if you are over-weight)
  • Exercise regularly, focusing on exercises that work your legs (i.e: running or walking)
  • Elevate your legs while at rest
  • Avoid prolonged sitting or standing
  • If your work requires you to sit or stand for prolonged periods of time, wear compression stockings
  • Avoid clothes that are tight around the waist, thighs or legs
  • Strengthen calf muscles and avoid shoes that limit use of calf muscle (i.e: high heels)
  • Eat a diet low in salt and rich in high-fiber foods

There are also alternative medical or herbal therapies that have a proven benefit in the treatment of symptoms related to varicose veins.  In general, these  compounds help reduce symptoms of  pain, cramps , heaviness , and paresthesia  compared to placebo. Can help reduce the severity of edema and decrease in calf and ankle circumference.

Alternative medicines and exercise programs that target the calf muscle pump can improve the symptoms associated with venous disease.

Elastic compression stockings or compression therapy narrow the veins, decrease venous volume, and reduce venous reflux by shifting blood volume from the compressed extremity to more central regions of the body. Elastic compression also improves the venous pumping ability.  Compression therapy is effective in relieving swelling and pain, and it can be used alone or in combination with other therapies but compliance is usually poor.

For mild forms of venous disease, lifestyle changes may be recommended to control existing symptoms and prevent others from showing.  The following measures may help prevent varicose veins and reduce symptoms:

  • Manage blood pressure and body weight (i.e: lose weight if you are over-weight)
  • Exercise regularly, focusing on exercises that work your legs (i.e: running or walking)
  • Elevate your legs while at rest
  • Avoid prolonged sitting or standing
  • If your work requires you to sit or stand for prolonged periods of time, wear compression stockings
  • Avoid clothes that are tight around the waist, thighs or legs
  • Strengthen calf muscles and avoid shoes that limit use of calf muscle (i.e: high heels)
  • Eat a diet low in salt and rich in high-fiber foods

There are also alternative medical or herbal therapies that have a proven benefit in the treatment of symptoms related to varicose veins.  In general, these  compounds help reduce symptoms of  pain, cramps , heaviness , and paresthesia  compared to placebo. Can help reduce the severity of edema and decrease in calf and ankle circumference.

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